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Visas to enter italy.

If you would like to travel to Italy, depending on your citizenship, the duration and purpose of your stay, a visa may be required before departure.

Do you need a visa? To find out whether you need to apply for a visa click here . 

For additional information on the individual types of visa please see below:

  • Tourism/Airport Transit
  • Subordinate work
  • Independent work
  • Religious activity
  • Family reasons
  • Family of US military personnel

Please be reminded of the following list of documents to be provided, depending on yout application:

For tourism:

  • FLIGHT RESERVATIONS
  • HOTEL RESERVATION

For business:

  • OFFICIAL BUSINESS INVITATION FROM ITALY

For study (less than 90 days):

  • ENROLLMENT LETTER FROM THE ITALIAN SCHOOL

For study (more than 90 days):

PLEASE BE AWARE THAT, AT THE TIME OF YOUR APPOINTMENT, YOUR APPLICATION WILL NOT BE ACCEPTED UNLESS PRESENTED WITH ALL REQUIRED DOCUMENTS. IF THE ITEMS LISTED BELOW ARE NOT PRESENTED, THE APPLICANT WILL HAVE TO RESCHEDUELE A NEW APPOINTMENT.

We also recommend to carefully read our  FAQ

Please note that visa officers may request additional documents at their discretion based on the interview with the applicant.

NEWS – Following the recent amendment to the Immigration Consolidation Act (“TUI” Legislative Decree 286/1998, article 26-bis), foreign nationals who intend to make an investment in Italy are allowed entry and stay in the country through a simplified procedure for the issuance of the visa. The “investor visa” is not subject to the annual limits on entries (“quotas”) referred to in the aforementioned Immigration Consolidation Act. For more information and submission of applications, please consult the website https://investorvisa.mise.gov.it/index.php/it/

For information on visas not listed on this page, please contact the Consular Office by e-mail: [email protected]

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If you are in the United States and wish to travel to Italy, you may require a visa, issued by the Consular Office of the Italian Embassy in Washington DC or another Italian Consular Office in the U.S.

Click here for a list of Italian Consulates in the U.S. and their area of jurisdiction: https://ambwashingtondc.esteri.it/en/chi-siamo/la-rete-consolare/

If you do not know what kind of visa you might need, click here: https://vistoperitalia.esteri.it/home/en

For additional information concerning any possible further action you might need to take upon your arrival in Italy, as well as rules regulating the entry and stay of foreign citizens in Italy and in the Schengen Area, please visit the webpage of Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation .

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What is VIS?

The Visa Information System (VIS) is a computerised system for sharing data on visas for entry into the Schengen Area between the States that are part of it. The establishment of VIS (which has been operational since February 28, 2016) is one of the main initiatives within the framework of the European Union’s policies to create an area of freedom, security and justice without internal borders.

To enable VIS to operate, the consular offices and external border crossing points of Schengen States are connected to the central database of the system. VIS contains the biographic and biometric data of all visa applicants. The relevant computer files are stored in a common database.

The VIS main purposes are to facilitate visa application procedures, as well as checks at external border crossing points, and to enhance security. VIS also prevents the so-called “visa shopping” and assists Member States in the fight against fraud.

What changes for visa applicants at consular offices and external border crossing points of the Schengen Area?

People applying for a visa for the first time are required to appear in person. In accordance with Article 13 of the Visa Code , their biometric identifiers are collected on that occasion, i.e. a digital photograph and ten finger scans. Once finger scans are stored in VIS, they can be reused for further visa applications over a 5-year period, unless there is reasonable doubt about the applicant’s identity.

The authorities responsible for controls at external border crossing points have access to VIS to check the identity of the visa holder and the visa authenticity. These procedures aim to strengthen security within the Schengen Area.

Some categories of applicants, however, are exempted from the obligation to be finger scanned:

  • children under the age of twelve;
  • people who physically cannot provide finger scans;
  • Heads of State and government and members of national governments, accompanied by spouses, as well as members of their official delegations when invited by Member States’ governments or international organisations, on an official mission;
  • sovereigns and other senior members of a royal family when invited by Member States’ governments or international organisations, on an official mission.

Protection of personal data and access to VIS

When applying for a visa, some personal data of the applicant are collected and stored into VIS, including the applicant’s photograph, finger scans (where applicable) and the personal data provided in the visa application form.

These data are transmitted to the Member States’ competent authorities and processed for the purpose of taking a decision on the visa application.

The personal data of the visa applicant, as well as the data concerning the decision on his/her application or any decision whether to annul, revoke or extend a visa issued, shall be entered, stored and kept in VIS for a maximum period of five years. This retention period shall start from:

  • the expiry date of the issued visa;
  • the new expiry date of the extended visa;
  • the date of creation of the file in VIS, if the application has been withdrawn, closed or discontinued;
  • the date of the decision taken by the competent Authorities, if a visa has been refused, annulled or revoked.

Access to VIS for entering, amending, deleting and consulting data is reserved exclusively for the duly authorised staff of the competent authorities. In particular, VIS may be consulted for the following purposes:

  • examination of visa applications and related decisions;
  • check of the visa holder’s identity and/or the visa authenticity;
  • identification of the people who do not – or no longer – fulfil the conditions for entry, stay or residence on the Member States’ territory;
  • definition of the Member State responsible for examining an asylum application.

The authorities for which access to VIS is reserved are the following:

  • the visa authorities;
  • the authorities responsible for visa control at external borders and in the Member States;
  • the immigration and asylum authorities in the Member States.

Under certain conditions, access to VIS may be requested by the European Police Office (Europol) and the designated authorities of the Member States (for Italy, the Ministry of the Interior and Police Authorities) for the purposes of prevention, detection and investigation of terrorist offences and other severe criminal offences.

Competent Authorities

The Ministry for Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation – MAECI (Piazzale della Farnesina 1, 00135 Rome), www.esteri.it   telephone no. 0039 06 36911 – through the Italian diplomatic or consular office to which the visa application has been submitted – is the Member State’s authority responsible for data processing.

The Italian national supervisory Authority responsible for the protection of personal data, pursuant to Legislative Decree No. 196 of June 30, 2003, is the Garante per la Protezione dei Dati Personali ((Italian Data Protection Authority).

Exercise of the rights of access, rectification or deletion of data entered in VIS

The visa applicant has the right to access his/her data stored in VIS, and to know the Member State which transmitted said data. The applicant has also the right to request that inaccurate data relating to him/her be corrected and that unlawfully processed data be deleted.

The person concerned can exercise the rights of access, rectification and deletion of personal data stored in VIS by contacting directly the Head of the Visa Office that examined the application, who will in turn transmit the request to the Central Visa Unit of the Directorate General for Italians Abroad and Migration Policies at the Ministry for Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation.

In the event of a negative or unsatisfactory reply to a request for exercising these rights, the data subject may claim them by taking legal action before a judicial authority.

The competent Italian national supervisory authority for examining complaints on personal data protection is the Data Protection Officer (DPO) of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation (MAECI) (email: [email protected] , certified e-mail: [email protected] ) or, alternatively, the Italian Data Protection Authority (Piazza Venezia 11, 00187 ROME; tel. 0039 06 696771; e-mail:  [email protected] ; certified e-mail:  [email protected] ).

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You can choose to enable or disable some or all of these cookies at any time. Please note that disabling some of these cookies may affect your browser experience.

Update May 10, 2024

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Travel Advisory July 26, 2023

Italy - level 2: exercise increased caution.

Reissued with obsolete COVID-19 page links removed.

Exercise increased caution due to terrorism .

Country Summary: Terrorist groups continue plotting possible attacks in Italy. Terrorists may attack with little or no warning, targeting tourist locations, transportation hubs, markets/shopping malls, local government facilities, hotels, clubs, restaurants, places of worship, parks, major sporting and cultural events, educational institutions, airports, and other public areas.

Read the  country information page for additional information on travel to Italy.

If you decide to travel to Italy:

  • Be aware of your surroundings when traveling to tourist locations and crowded public venues.
  • Follow the instructions of local authorities.
  • Monitor local media for breaking events and adjust your plans based on new information.
  • Enroll in the  Smart Traveler Enrollment Program  ( STEP ) to receive Alerts and make it easier to locate you in an emergency.
  • Follow the Department of State on Facebook and Twitter .
  • Review the  Country Security Report  for Italy.
  • Visit the CDC page for the latest Travel Health Information related to your travel.
  • Prepare a contingency plan for emergency situations. Review the  Traveler’s Checklist.

Embassy Messages

View Alerts and Messages Archive

Quick Facts

Six months validity recommended, at least 3 months validity beyond your planned date of departure from the Schengen area .

Two pages required for entry stamp.

Not required for stays under 90 days.

10,000 Euros or equivalent.

Embassies and Consulates

U.S. Embassy Rome

Via Vittorio Veneto, 121 00187 Rome, Italy Telephone:  +(39) 06-4674-1 Emergency After-Hours Telephone:  +(39) 06-4674-1 Fax:  +(39) 06-4674-2244 Email:   [email protected] The Rome consular district includes the regions of Lazio, Marche, Umbria, Abruzzo, and Sardinia.

U.S. Mission to the UN Agencies in Rome Via Boncompagni, 2 Telephone:  (+39) 06-4674-1 Emergency after-hours telephone:  (+39) 06-4674-1 Fax:  (+39) 06 4674-3535 Email:   [email protected]

U.S. Embassy to the Holy See Via Sallustiana, 49 00162 Rome, Italy Telephone:  +(39) 06-4674-3428 Emergency After-Hours Telephone:  +(39) 06-4674-1 Fax:  +(39) 06-575-8346

U.S. Consulate General Florence Lungarno Amerigo Vespucci, 38 50123 Florence, Italy Telephone:  +(39) 055-266-951 Emergency After-Hours Telephone:  +(39) 055-266-951 Fax:  +(39) 055-215-550 Email:   [email protected] The Florence consular district includes the regions of Tuscany and Emilia-Romagna (all except the Provinces of Piacenza and Parma), as well as the Republic of San Marino.

U.S. Consulate General Milan Via Principe Amedeo 2/10 20121 Milano, Italy Telephone:  +(39) 02-290-351 Emergency After-Hours Telephone:  +(39) 02-290-351 Fax:  +(39) 081-583-8275 Email:   [email protected] The Milan consular district includes the regions of Valle D'Aosta, Piemonte, Lombardia, Veneto, Trentino-Alto Adige, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Liguria, and Emilia-Romagna (Provinces of Piacenza and Parma only).

U.S. Consulate General Naples Piazza della Repubblica 80122 Naples, Italy Telephone:  +(39) 081-583-8111 Emergency After-Hours Telephone:  +(39) 081-583-8111 Fax:  +(39) 081-583-8275 Email:  [email protected] The Naples consular district includes the regions of Campania, Molise, Basilicata, Puglia, Calabria, and Sicilia.

U.S. Consular Agent - Genoa Via Dante 2 16121 Genoa, Italy Telephone:  +(39) 010-584-492 Emergency After-Hours Telephone:  Please contact the U.S. Consulate General in Milan. Fax:  +(39) 010-553-3033 Email:  [email protected] Hours: Monday through Thursday 11:00 AM-3:00 PM, by appointment only.

U.S. Consular Agent - Palermo Via G.B. Vaccarini 1 90143 Palermo, Italy Telephone:  +(39) 091-305-857 Emergency After-Hours Telephone:  Please contact the U.S. Consulate General in Naples Fax:  +(39) 091-625-6026 Email:   [email protected] Hours: Monday through Friday 9:00 AM-12:30 PM by appointment only.

U.S. Consular Agent - Venice Viale Galileo Galilei 30 30173 Tessera, Italy Telephone:  +(39) 041-541-5944 Emergency After-Hours Telephone:  Please contact the U.S. Consulate General in Milan. Fax:  +(39) 041-541-6654 Email:  [email protected] Hours: Monday through Thursday, 10:00 AM-4:00 PM, by appointment only.

Destination Description

Learn about the U.S. relationship to countries around the world.

Entry, Exit and Visa Requirements

There are no COVID-related entry requirements for U.S. citizens.  

Traveling Through Europe:  If you are planning to visit or travel through European countries, you should be familiar with the requirements of the Schengen Agreement. 

  • Your passport must be valid for  at least three months beyond the period of stay. Review our  U.S. Travelers in Europe page .
  • You will need  proof of  s ufficient funds  and a  return plane ticket .
  • For additional information about visas for the Schengen area, see the  Schengen Visa page.
  • U.S. citizens who arrive at an Italian Port of Entry without a valid travel document – including passports that have been previously reported lost or stolen – will be denied admittance into Italy and returned to their point of origin. This regulation is strictly enforced in Italy.
  • U.S. citizens may enter Italy for up to 90 days for tourist or business purposes without a visa. All non-residents are required to complete a declaration of presence (dichiarazione di presenza). Prospective residents or anyone intending to stay in Italy for longer than 90 days must obtain a  permit of stay  (permesso di soggiorno). Additional information may be obtained from the  Ministry of Foreign Affairs  and the  Polizia di Stato .
  • Non-EU visitors must obtain a stamp in their passport upon initial entry into a Schengen country. Many borders are unstaffed, so you may need to request a stamp at an official point of entry. Travelers arriving from another Schengen country must request the declaration of presence form from a local police office (commissariato di zona), police headquarters (questura), or their place of stay (e.g., hotel, hostel, campgrounds), and submit the form, along with a copy of your passport, to the police or to their place of stay within eight calendar days of arrival. Failure to complete a declaration of presence is punishable by expulsion from Italy.

The U.S. Department of State is unaware of any HIV/AIDS entry restrictions for visitors to or foreign residents of Italy.

Find information on  dual nationality ,  prevention of international child abduction , and  customs regulations  on our websites. For general information about Italian customs regulations, please read our  Customs Information page and our  Italian Customs  website.

Safety and Security

Terrorism:  Terrorist groups and those inspired by such organizations are intent on attacking U.S. citizens abroad. Terrorists are increasingly using less sophisticated methods of attack – including knives, firearms, improvised explosive devices (IEDs), and vehicles – to more effectively target crowds. Frequently, their aim is unprotected or vulnerable targets, such as:

  • High-profile public events (sporting contests, political rallies, demonstrations, holiday events, celebratory gatherings, etc.)
  • Hotels, clubs, and restaurants frequented by tourists
  • Places of worship
  • Shopping malls and markets
  • Public transportation systems (including subways, buses, trains, and commercial flights)

For more information, see our  Terrorism  page.

Politically motivated violence in Italy is most often connected to Italian internal developments or social issues. Italian authorities and foreign diplomatic facilities have found bombs outside public buildings, have received bomb threats, and have been targets of letter bombs, firebombs and Molotov cocktails in the past several years. These attacks generally occur at night, and although they have not targeted or injured U.S. citizens, you should remain aware of your surroundings and report any suspicious activity to local authorities.

Crime:  Italy has a moderate rate of crime, especially for theft and economic crimes; violent crimes are rare. U.S. citizens should be aware of the following local circumstances:

  • Tourists can be fined or detained for buying counterfeit goods (usually fashion accessories).
  • Travelers must purchase train, bus, or metro tickets and validate them by punching them in validating machines prior to boarding (usually near the entrance of the train or metro or on the bus). Tickets may be purchased at tobacco stores or kiosks or, in some cities, via Apps or SMS. Failure to follow this procedure may result in an on-the-spot fine by an inspector on the train, bus, or metro. If the violator does not pay the fine on the spot, it will automatically double and be forwarded to the violator’s home address.
  • Be alert that many municipalities of cities in Italy have issued local restrictions banning certain activities in fountains or on monuments, such as eating, drinking, sitting, or bathing, as well as regarding the consumption of alcohol both indoors and outdoors after certain hours of the night.
  • Violating these regulations can result in fines. Tourists are advised to check the official website of each city they plan to visit to learn the details.
  • Thieves sometimes impersonate police officers. If you are stopped by a plainclothes policeman, ask for a uniformed officer or insist on seeing an officer's identification card (documento). Do not hand over your wallet and immediately report the incident to the actual police at a police station or by dialing 112 from a local phone.
  • Do not leave bags unattended. Most reported thefts occur at crowded tourist sites, at airports, car rental agencies, on public buses, metros and trains, and at the major railway stations. Never leave baggage alone in a car, including in a closed trunk. For more information on trains and security, please see the  Italian railway police’s advice for travelers .
  • Be alert to criminal schemes. Organized groups of thieves and pickpockets operate at major tourist destinations, in train stations, bars, and cafes. Some travelers have reported incidents in which criminals used drugs to assault or rob them. Thieves on motor scooters regularly snatch purses or bags off pedestrians. Resisting these thieves can be dangerous.
  • Keep your car doors locked and windows rolled up at all times to avoid car-jackings and thefts while you are waiting in traffic.

The U.S. Secret Service in Rome is assisting Italian law enforcement authorities in investigating an increase in the appearance of ATM skimming devices. Here are some helpful hints to protect against and identify skimming devices:

  • Use ATMs located in well-lit public areas or secured inside a bank/business.
  • Cover the keypad with one hand as you enter your PIN.
  • Look for gaps, tampered appearance, or other irregularities between the metal faceplate of the ATM and the card reader.
  • Avoid card readers that are not flush with the face of the ATM.
  • Closely monitor your account statements for unauthorized transactions.

Potential for Natural Disasters: Several major earthquake fault lines cross Italy, and earthquakes are frequent. High tides in Venice, flooding, and avalanches in mountainous areas may occasionally occur. The Italian Civil Protection agency has a robust capability to assist Italians and foreigners in the area of a natural disaster. Information about crisis preparedness and on-going crises affecting parts of Italy can be found on the Civil Protection web site at:  Civil Protection Italy . General information about disaster preparedness is also available online from the  U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency  (FEMA). Detailed information on Italy's fault lines is available from the  U.S. Geological Survey  (USGS).

Italy also has several active volcanoes, including Mt. Etna in eastern Sicily. Travelers to Sicily should be aware of the possibility for travel disruptions, including airport closures, in the event of volcanic activity, and are advised to check the website of the  Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia  for detailed information and daily updates. Italy has many other areas of potential volcanic activity especially in the vicinity of Naples. Any visit to an active volcano or volcanic field bears a certain amount of risk. Eruptions can occur with little to no warning. Travelers should exercise caution, follow posted instructions, stay on authorized trails, and use reputable tour operators.

Demonstrations  occur frequently and can be anti-American in nature, especially in areas hosting U.S. military bases. They may take place in response to political or economic issues, on politically significant holidays, and during international events. 

  • Even demonstrations intended to be peaceful can turn confrontational and possibly become violent. 
  • Avoid areas around protests and demonstrations. 
  • Check local media for updates and traffic advisories.
  • Security Messages for U.S. citizens pertaining to  demonstrations  can be found on the Embassy’s website.

International Financial Scams:  See the  Department of State  and the  FBI  pages for information.

Internet romance and financial scams are prevalent in Italy. Scams are often initiated through Internet postings/profiles or by unsolicited emails and letters. Scammers almost always pose as U.S. citizens who have no one else to turn to for help. Common scams include:

  • Romance/Online dating
  • Money transfers
  • Lucrative sales
  • Contracts with promises of large commissions
  • Grandparent/Relative targeting
  • Free Trip/Luggage
  • Inheritance notices
  • Work permits/job offers

Victims of Crime:  U.S. citizen victims of sexual assault should seek medical attention at the nearest public hospital as soon as possible. U.S. citizen victims of sexual assault are also encouraged to contact the U.S. Embassy for assistance at +(39) 06-4674-1. Report crimes to the local police by dialing 112. Remember that local authorities are responsible for investigating and prosecuting crimes.

See our webpage on  help for U.S. victims of crime overseas .

  • Help you find appropriate medical care
  • Assist you in reporting a crime to the police
  • Contact relatives or friends with your written consent
  • Explain the local criminal justice process in general terms
  • Provide a list of local English-speaking attorneys
  • Provide information on  victim’s compensation programs in the United States
  • Provide an emergency loan for repatriation to the United States and/or limited medical support in cases of destitution
  • Help you find accommodation and arrange flights home
  • Replace a stolen or lost passport

Victim Compensation in Italy :

  • Italy has a program which provides financial compensation for victims of terrorism, organized crime, hit and run drivers and violent intentional crimes.
  • If you are a  victim of terrorism or organized crime  in Italy, you are entitled to economic (special compensation and a life income) and non-economic benefits (special access to certain state jobs).
  • In case of death, victims will include family members. You must file the application with the local Prefect’s office (Prefettura - the local representative for the Ministry of Interior) where the crime occurred, providing the date, location, injuries, and losses resulting from the crime.
  • If you are a  victim of a hit and run driver,  you can apply for compensation of damages to the Fondo Di Garanzia per le Vittime della Strada but only if: (i) the responsible vehicle cannot be identified, is not covered by car insurance, or it circulated against the owner’s will; (ii) if the car insurance company went bankrupt; or (iii) if the accident was caused by a foreign vehicle with a license number that does not match or does not match anymore that same vehicle. U.S. citizens should consult an attorney licensed to practice in Italy to clarify time limits for a specific legal action.

Victims of hit and run drivers and their families may seek assistance by reaching out to an Italian non-governmental organization (NGO) called Associazione Italiana Familiari e Vittime della Strada (AIFVS), “Association of Italian Family Members and Victims of Hit and Run Drivers”. AIFVS provides legal and psychological assistance through a network of professionals associated with the NGO. Please visit  AIFVS  for more details.

If you are a  victim of a violent intentional crime,  you are entitled to compensation from the Italian government to cover the medical and welfare expenses you incurred, except for sexual assaults and murders cases where the compensation is due even if no medical and welfare expense was sustained. To be eligible for the compensation, your annual income must be within a certain limit. In addition, you must prove that you have already unsuccessfully tried to enforce the decision ordering compensation for damages. We recommend you contact an attorney licensed to practice in Italy for more information.

Domestic Violence:  U.S. citizen victims of domestic violence may contact the Embassy or nearest Consulate for assistance.

Tourism:  The tourism industry is generally regulated and rules with regard to best practices and safety inspections are regularly enforced. Hazardous areas/activities are identified with appropriate signage and professional staff is typically on hand in support of organized activities. In the event of an injury, appropriate medical treatment is widely available throughout the country. Outside of a major metropolitan center, it may take more time for first responders and medical professionals to stabilize a patient and provide life-saving assistance. U.S. citizens are encouraged to purchase medical evacuation insurance . 

Local Laws & Special Circumstances

Criminal Penalties: You are subject to local laws. If you violate local laws, even unknowingly, you may be expelled, arrested, or imprisoned. Your U.S. passport will not prevent you from being detained, arrested, or prosecuted. Individuals establishing a business or practicing a profession that requires additional permits or licensing should seek information from the competent local authorities, prior to practicing or operating a business.

Furthermore, some crimes are also prosecutable in the United States, regardless of local law. For examples, see our website on  crimes against minors abroad  and the  Department of Justice  website.

Arrest Notification:  If you are arrested or detained, ask police or prison officials to notify the U.S. Embassy or nearest Consulate immediately. See our  webpage  for further information.

Counterfeit and Pirated Goods:  Although counterfeit and pirated goods are prevalent in many countries, they may still be illegal according to local laws. You may also pay fines or have to give them up if you bring them back to the United States. See the  U.S. Department of Justice website  for more information.

Faith-Based Travelers:  See our following webpages for details:

  • Faith-Based Travel Information
  • International Religious Freedom Report  – see country reports
  • Human Rights Report  – see country reports
  • Hajj Fact Sheet for Travelers
  • Best Practices for Volunteering Abroad

LGBTQI+ RIGHTS:  There are no legal restrictions on same-sex sexual relations or the organization of LGBTQI+ events in Italy. Same sex civil unions are legally recognized in Italy. See our  LGBTQI+ Travel Information  page and section 6 of the  Department of State's Human Rights report  for further details.

Travelers Who Require Accessibility Assistance .  The law in Italy prohibits discrimination against persons with physical, sensory, intellectual or mental disabilities, and the law is enforced. Social acceptance of persons with disabilities in public is as prevalent as in the United States. The most common types of accessibility may include accessible facilities, information, and communication/access to services/ease of movement or access. Expect accessibility to be limited in public transportation, lodging, communication/information, and general infrastructure, and common in lodging and general infrastructure. There is a significant difference between the main cities and the small towns.

  • Rental, repair, replacement parts for aids/equipment/devices, or service providers, such as sign language interpreters or personal assistants, are generally available. Contact the US Embassy in Italy to receive a list of providers.
  • Hand-controlled rental cars are available in Italy from major car rental companies. Contact the car rental company well in advance of your trip in order to reserve the vehicle.
  • Italy functions on 220-volt current. To recharge a power wheelchair, you may need a transformer to convert 220 to 110 volts and a plug adapter to fit Italian electrical sockets.
  • Guide dog owners must present  the documentation required by European Union Member States in order to enter Italy with a dog .

Students:  Students are often targeted by criminals as targets of theft or sexual assault. See our  Students Abroad  page and  FBI travel tips .

SPECIAL CIRCUMSTANCES:  Strikes and other work stoppages  frequently occur in the transportation sector (national airlines, airports, trains, and bus lines); reconfirm any domestic and/or international flight reservations if you are traveling during one of these events.

Women Travelers:  If you are a woman traveling abroad, please review our travel tips for  Women Travelers .

For emergency services in Italy, dial 112 .

Ambulance services are widely available, but training and availability of emergency responders may be below U.S. standards.

Medical facilities are available but may be limited outside urban areas. Public hospitals may not maintain the same standards as hospitals in the United States. It is not possible to obtain an itemized hospital bill from public hospitals, as required by many U.S. insurance companies, because the Italian National Health Service charges one inclusive rate for care services and room and board. Private hospitals require you to pay for all services up front and get reimbursed later from your insurance company.

We do not pay medical bills . Be aware that U.S. Medicare/Medicaid does not apply overseas.

Medical Insurance:  Make sure your health insurance plan provides coverage overseas. Most care providers overseas only accept cash payments. See our  webpage  for more information on insurance coverage overseas. Visit the  U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention  for more information on type of insurance you should consider before you travel overseas.

We strongly recommend supplemental insurance to cover medical evacuation.

In Italy, end-of-life directives are not legal. Tourists should know that by law, hospitals will continue with lifesaving procedures indefinitely regardless of a person’ preferences stated in a will or advanced directive.

Pharmaceuticals:  The Italian Ministry of Health sets rules defining who and how prescriptions and medications can be imported into Italy. However, the Ministry of Health website does not have information in English. According to the Ministry of Health, foreigners entering Italy are allowed to bring personal medications for a period of 30 days, but it is recommended that travelers also bring a copy of their prescription with them. Travelers should not bring excess supplies of prescription drugs into the country and cannot bring prescription drugs for other people.

The import of medications into Italy by courier services or by mail is strictly regulated by Italian Customs laws. Italian customs clears all incoming shipments of medications, even small amounts for personal use. Delays in the release of medications by Italian Customs received by mail or by courier services are common. The receiving party must be able to provide a statement signed by a physician licensed in Italy, certifying:

The medication is essential for the patient, that he/she would be put in a life-threatening situation without it.

There is no substitute or equivalent medication available on the Italian market.

Exercise caution when purchasing medication overseas. Pharmaceuticals, both over the counter and requiring prescription in the United States, are often readily available for purchase with minimal controls. Medication should be purchased in consultation with a medical professional and from reputable establishments.

U.S. Customs and Border Protection and the Food and Drug Administration are responsible for rules governing the transport of medication back to the United States. Medication purchased abroad must meet their requirements to be legally brought back into the United States. Medication should be for personal use and must be approved for usage in the United States. Please visit the  U.S. Customs and Border Protection  and the  Food and Drug Administration  websites for more information.

Vaccinations : Be up-to-date on all  vaccinations  recommended by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

For further health information:

  • World Health Organization
  • U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention  (CDC)

Air Quality:  Visit  AirNow Department of State  for information on air quality at U.S. Embassies and Consulates. Many cities in Italy have air pollution levels similar to those in major U.S. cities. 

In parts of Italy, the lack of adequate trash disposal and incineration sites has led to periodic accumulations of garbage. In some cases, residents have burned garbage, resulting in toxic emissions that can aggravate respiratory problems. 

Visit the  European Environment Agency’s website  for information on air quality in Italy.

Health Facilities:

The U.S. Embassy maintains a  list of doctors and hospitals . We do not endorse or recommend any specific medical provider or clinic.

  • Adequate health facilities are available throughout Italy, but health services may be below U.S. standards.
  • Private hospitals usually require advance payment or proof of adequate insurance before admitting a patient.
  • Travelers should make efforts to obtain complete information on billing, pricing, and proposed medical procedures before agreeing to any medical care.
  • Medical staff may speak little or no English.
  • Generally, in public hospitals only minimal staff is available overnight in non-emergency wards.
  • In most cases, patients bear costs for transfer to or between hospitals.

Medical Tourism and Elective Surgery

  • Medical tourism is a rapidly growing industry. People seeking health care overseas should understand that medical systems operate differently from those in the United States and are not subject to the same rules and regulations. Anyone interested in traveling for medical purposes should consult with their local physician before traveling and visit the  U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention  website for more information on Medical Tourism.
  • We strongly recommend  supplemental insurance  to cover medical evacuation in the event of unforeseen medical complications.

Adventure Travel: Visit the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website for more information about  Adventure Travel .

Travel and Transportation

ROAD CONDITIONS AND SAFETY:  While in Italy, you may encounter road conditions that differ significantly from those in the United States such as:

  • Traffic lights are limited and often disobeyed.
  • Motor scooters are very popular, and their riders may behave unexpectedly.
  • Drivers frequently pass on superhighways (autostrada) at very high speeds.
  • Rural roads are generally narrow, often have no guardrails, and inconsistent speed limits.
  • Be careful when crossing streets even when using a marked crosswalk with a green walk (avanti) light illuminated.

Traffic Laws:

  • Seat belt use is compulsory.
  • You must use headlights year-round and at all times outside of urban areas.
  • During the autumn/winter months, it is compulsory to have either winter tires or carry snow chains if driving outside urban areas.
  • If you are stopped, under certain conditions you are expected to pay the police officer issuing the ticket immediately. Be prepared to pay in cash in local currency. Local police can confiscate your car if you cannot pay the fine.
  • Fines are imposed if driving without the proper permits in historic downtown areas of cities and towns throughout Italy. Cameras photograph the license plates of cars illegally driving in parts of the city that require a permit. The fines imposed for these violations are forwarded to the driver’s home in the United States to request payment. For definitive legal guidance or to contest a fine, you should consult a lawyer licensed to practice in Italy.  See the U.S. Embassy of Rome’s transportation page for more information .
  • Public Transportation: Pickpocketing is frequent on all public transportation, especially at train stations and major tourist sites.

See our  Road Safety  page for more information. Also, we suggest that you visit the website of the  Automobile Club d’Italia  (A.C.I.). For information on obtaining international drivers licenses, contact the  American Automobile Association  (AAA) via telephone at (407) 444-7000 or fax (407) 444-7380.

AVIATION SAFETY OVERSIGHT:  The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has assessed the Government of Italy’s Civil Aviation Authority as being in compliance with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) aviation safety standards for oversight of Italy’s air carrier operations. Further information may be found on the  FAA’s safety assessment page .

Maritime Travel:  Mariners planning travel to Italy should also check for  U.S. maritime advisories and alerts . Information may also be posted to the  U.S. Coast Guard homeport website , and the  NGA broadcast warnings .

For additional travel information

  • Enroll in the  Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP)  to receive security messages and make it easier to locate you in an emergency.
  • Call us in Washington, D.C. at 1-888-407-4747 (toll-free in the United States and Canada) or 1-202-501-4444 (from all other countries) from 8:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m., Eastern Standard Time, Monday through Friday (except U.S. federal holidays).
  • See the  State Department’s travel website  for the  Worldwide Caution  and  Travel Advisories .
  • Follow us on  Twitter  and  Facebook .
  • See  traveling safely abroad  for useful travel tips.

Review information about International Parental Child Abduction in Italy . For additional IPCA-related information, please see the International Child Abduction Prevention and Return Act ( ICAPRA ) report.

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VISA OFFICE GENERAL INFORMATION

  • Please refer to the documents and requirements necessary for all visa applications which is indicated in detail on the web page of Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation: https://vistoperitalia.esteri.it/home/en .
  • The visa office e-mail address is [email protected] . Please be advised we are available to assist with any query that is not explained on the webpage. Due to the high volume of emails received we may not answer queries which are addressed or explained on our website.
  • It is obligatory to ensure an appointment with us (fully booked on the portal). Please click here to book an appointment before buying any flight ticket or booking hotels. Once the appointment is organized you may book and confirm everything with your planned travel to ensure you have the correct details for the appointment. The Embassy are not responsible for non-refundable tickets.
  • Visa collection is organized on Tuesday & Thursday at the time issued by the office during your interview. You can organize directly with the officer (usually 15 days after the appointment).
  • You can also bring a pre-paid pre-registered envelope with tracking number on it and your address, and we will gladly post it for you. PLEASE NOTE: Once the passport has been posted, we have no control over how long it will take for it to reach your address.
  • Please be advised to book your appointment well in advance. The timeline between the appointment itself and your flight must be no more than 6 months and no less than 15 days before departure. Please ensure when you book any appointment, that you must be in a position to provide all the documentation and requirements valid for the intended dates of travel.

STANDARD DOCUMENTS

The documents that everyone will have to bring in, regardless of the type of visa, are the following:

  • E-application form https://e-applicationvisa.esteri.it
  • Passport (original + 1 photocopy)
  • IRP card (original + 1 photocopy)
  • 1 photo (ICAO format) Flight confirmation (round trip)
  • Hotel booking confirmation/invitation letter (tourism visit to family or friends)
  • Insurance that covers for Schengen area, with a ceiling of € 30.000 minimum
  • Current bank account statement
  • Cover letter from the employer/letter of support (in case of unemployment)

  PLEASE NOTE:

  • The last date of the current bank account statement has to be as close as possible to the date of the interview, and no older than 3 months prior the date of your appointment.
  • The pages that we need from your insurance policy are the following: certificate with start date/expiry date, your name on it and the page that states for how much you are covered for with medical expenses.
  • If you’re being invited by friends/family to Italy, you must provide the following invitation proof that can be downloaded through https://vistoperitalia.esteri.it/home/en indicating reason of travel “tourism – visit to family/friends”.
  • Be advised that if you have an appointment for your entire family, including minor children, each applicant must have a copy of the documents.

TYPES OF VISA

To apply for the specific type of visa bring the following documents:

  • Hotel booking confirmation/ invitation letter (tourism visit to family or friends)
  • Insurance with cover for Schengen area, with a ceiling of € 30.000 minimum
  • Student letter of financial support also to attach

2. BUSINESS VISA REQUIREMENTS

To apply for this specific type of visa the following documents are essential:

  • Hotel booking confirmation/invitation letter
  • Business license of Italian company (Visura Camerale)
  • As stated on https://vistoperitalia.esteri.it/home/en we need you to bring in the invitation letter from the inviting company signed by the legal representative of the company. You will also have to provide a photocopy of his ID.

3. FOR EU FAMILY MEMBERS ONLY

To apply as an EU Family member you must provide proof of the relationship to the European citizen and show the flights/trip details that demonstrate you will be travelling together or joining them in Italy.

Please note that if you have been issued an Irish IRP card with EU FAM stamp 4 you do not need a visa to travel.

The following requirements are strictly for those who have EU Family members and are applying as such:

  • 1 photo ICAO format
  • Marriage certificate apostilled, (original +1 photocopy) of said document ­or birth certificate (original + 1 photocopy)
  • Passport of the EU family member original + 1 photocopy
  • Proof of flight booked with both your name and the name of the EU family member

4. TRAVELLING WITH MINORS

If one of the applicants is under the age of 18, and is not travelling with both parents, the other parent is required to provide an additional document of consent:

  • Parental authorization to travel for the minor, written and signed by both parents/legal guardians, allowing the minor to travel to the Schengen area (it is valid only for one visa)
  • Photocopy of both parents’ passports, if one of them is currently resident in another country the photocopy must be certified
  • Original +1 photocopy of the birth certificate of the minor
  • A letter of attendance from signed by the Headmaster of the School addressed to the Italian Embassy in Dublin (not older than one month)
  • If one of the parents is deceased, the original and 1 photocopy of the death certificate
  • If one of the parents is legally deemed as untraceable, a photocopy of a court order indicating so In any case, the minor is required to be present on the date of the appointment.

If travelling on a school tour please follow the below information:

Minor students do not need to apply for a Visa as a Non EU students that are officially resident in a EU country do not require a visa for School trips. Please see the following link https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legalcontent/EN/TXT/HTML/?uri=CELEX:31994D0795&from=IT

5. LONG TERM VISA

To apply for the long visa, follow the directions at the following link:

https://vistoperitalia.esteri.it/home/en

The terms for issuing national entry visas are set out by Article 5, paragraph 8, of Presidential Decree No. 394 of August 31, 1999 (as amended by Presidential Decree 334/2004), which lays down that the diplomatic-consular Representation, “after assessing whether the application is admissible and carrying out the checks required in relation to the visa requested, including prior security checks, shall issue the visa within 90 days of the application” (30 days for employment, within the quotas envisaged by the so-called 2023-2025 Flows Decree, 30 days for family reunification and 120 days for self-employment). In accordance with the provisions of Article 6, paragraphs 2 and 3, of Ministerial Decree No. 171 of March 3, 1997, these terms may not be respected in the event that checks, verifications and collection of data, documents and evaluations by foreign authorities become necessary.

6. Transit Visa Information

Please note that if you are travelling on a transit flight, it must be booked as an international flight in order to either be to qualify for a transit visa or qualify to be exempt from a visa.

In the case that two separate flights have been booked, either with one airline or with different airlines this does not qualify as international. For example, one flight to Italy and another travelling outside the Schengen area. In this case it is not considered transit.

You will have to enter into Italy and a visa will be requested on arrival. You will pass through the immigration check point and then most likely you will need to check in again.

In order to apply for any transit or tourism visa you must book an appointment and apply with the same criteria as all types of visa. Please note that it takes up to 15 working days to process a visa.

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Tourist visa.

IMPORTANT NOTE: If you need to apply for a Schengen Visa and you landed to this page directly from an internet search, please go to the main page of the Schengen Visa Section which contains crucial information about the process to apply for a Visa at this Consulate General.

Documentation required

  • Proof of residence within the Toronto consular jurisdiction area : domestic utility bill or driver’s license (original and a photocopy).
  • For non-Canadians, proof of legal residence in Canada : Canadian permanent residence card or visa valid for at least three months after the date of re-entry (original and a photocopy).
  • For travelers not returning to Canada after leaving the Schengen area : relevant visa or travel document authorizing entry into the Country of destination, and a photocopy.
  • Electronic Schengen Visa application form carefully and correctly completed and signed. Please ensure that you leave no blank spaces. If a question does not apply to you, enter N/A (not applicable). Be sure to print the form in high resolution.
  • One recent passport-size colour photo (must have been taken less than six months before the application), size 35mm x 40mm, full-face and light coloured background. The face must be correctly centered and must be seen from a front view, with both sides visible. Styled poses (looking over one shoulder, head bowed etc.) are not allowed. The head must be free of all headgear, no hats, scarves, headbands or other decorative objects.
  • Your passport, which must be valid for at least 3 months after the visa expiry date , as well as photocopies of the first 2 pages and of visas previously issued, if any. Furthermore, there must be at least two blank pages in the passport.
  • Prepaid Xpresspost post envelope (or UPS pre-addressed envelope) with your address already filled (TO) and the Address of the consulate as sender (FROM), and a photocopy of that very envelope, to return your passport .
  • The visa fee paid in Canadian dollars . Visa fees can be paid at the counter, preferably by Canadian debit card (credit cards or other digital payments cannot be accepted) or alternatively in cash or through money order/bank draft made out to the Consulate General of Italy in Toronto (Canadian dollars only). Because of the fluctuation of the exchange rate,  fees are subject to change. Please refer to the dedicated page on this website.
  • A copy of your round trip flight reservation or ticket and full itinerary . Buying your ticket in advance does not guarantee that a visa will be issued.
  • Hotel booking for each day of your stay in the Schengen area, stating the number of reservation, name of the applicant, address, and telephone number of the hotel, OR letter of invitation (declaration of hospitality), signed by the  invi ting person, plus a copy of his/her ID ( in case of person without Italian citizenship, copy of his/her Italian permanent residence permit , “ Permesso di soggiorno’”) . I f you are a member of a group : a letter from the travel agency mentioning the same information as for individuals.
  • Documentation in relation to your social and professional status : if dependent worker, letter of employment; for students, University/school confirmation of enrollment for the current year in original; if self – employed, business bank statements (last 3 months), copies of business income taxes, certificates of incorporation; if retired, copy of your retirement compensation from social security.
  • Proof of financial means of support (as per Ministry of Interior Directive 1.3.2000 DIRETTIVA 1° marzo 2000 ): last three months bank statements clear ly indicating the name of the holder and salary slips if applicable. If you are financiall y dependent on a family member , you must provide an Affidavit of financial support (templates can be found here ) , together with a copy of his/her picture I D and his/her last three months bank statements.
  • A travel medical insurance policy valid throughout the Schengen area. Please unde rline or highlight: your name, the medical emergency expenses coverage (minimum € 30,000) including hospital care and repatriation for medical reasons or in case of death

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Italian Work Visa Process 2024 (Step-by-Step Guide)

Italy Work Visa works on a Quota system. Each year the Italian Government sets a quota for the people coming from non-European countries to work in Italy. For 2024, 151,000 work permits, and for 2025, 165,000 foreign workers will get a work permit. In this post, I will tell you about the Italian Work Visa Process, and how you can apply. The  Italy work visa  is a long-term visa that is also known as the  National D Visa . Once you get your work visa it will allow you to travel to Italy.

The Italian Government only accepts applications for work permits during the designated period. So, contacting the relevant Italian embassy in your country is best. Also, the Italian government has defined the quota to grant a work permit to foreign workers. This is called Decreto Flussi (translating to “flow decree”). Recently the Italian Government launched a work permit for remote workers which has No Quota. It is called the Italy Digital Nomad Visa . More details are given below.

This Blog Includes:

Italian Work Visa Requirements

If you want to work in Italy. It involves three steps.

  • Get a Job offer from an Italian company/employer.
  • The employer applies for the Work Permit on your behalf.
  • Submit a work Visa application at the Italian embassy.

Get a Job offer from the Italian Employer

The most important is to  find a Job in Italy . To apply for the Italian work permit and the Italian work visa a Job offer from the Italian company is necessary. Use some online websites to find Jobs in Italy.

Get a Nulla Osta al lavoro (Work Permit)

The Work permit of Italy is known as  Nulla Osta al lavoro.  Your employer will apply for you on your behalf for the work permit.

Types of Italian Work Visas

  • Salaried Employment Visa
  • Self-Employment visa
  • Long-Term Seasonal Work
  • Working holiday Visa

Apply for the Italy Work Visa

  • Now you have a Job offer from Italy and your work permit has been approved.
  • You can apply for an Italy Work Visa at the Italian Representation/embassy in your home country. Find the list of all Italian embassies here
  • Different countries follow their process. So, you must consult and contact the embassy about the application process for the Italy work visa.
  • Enter Italy and apply for a Residence Permit within eight days to be allowed to stay and work in the country legally.

Required Documents to Support Your Visa Application

  • Copy of your signed work contract.
  • The original and a copy of your Nulla Osta (work permit).
  • Completed Italian Long-Stay Visa Application form.
  • Proof of accommodation in Italy.
  • Proof of sufficient financial means.
  • Proof of paid visa fee.
  • Diplomas/other certificates.

Note : Do ask the embassy of Italy in your country about the visa cost, required documents, and the processing time.

Disclaimer : The information about the Quota and the application process can change at any time. So it is advised to always check with the Italian Embassies for up-to-date information. The information provided here is intended as a General Guide. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA), Italy is a reliable source.

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Everything you need to know about the EU’s new entry/exit and visa system – and how to avoid the chaos

With new rules set to be put in place for British travellers, here’s what to expect, when they change and which countries will enforce them

Broken automatic passport scanning gates at Border Control at Gatwick Airport

Although Britain is no longer a member of the EU, UK citizens are entitled to visit the bloc without a visa (up to a maximum of 90 days in any 180-day period). Currently, this is policed by border officials manually stamping our passports. 

Soon, however, this will be done automatically through a new Entry/Exit System (EES) and we will also be required to go through a new process of online checks, known as the European Travel Information and Authorisation Service (ETIAS), which must be completed in advance of travel. 

Here is everything you need to know about the changes.

When is EES coming into place?

We don’t yet know for sure. It has been delayed several times, but currently the best estimate is November 2024.

What is the new EES?

The new Entry/Exit System comprises the e-gates and the computerised system, which will automatically check UK passports (and many others) at the external borders of countries in the Schengen Area.  

It will replace the system of manually stamping passports, which is currently the only way that border officials can monitor whether or not visitors, such as those from the UK, remain within their 90-day limit for visa-free travel.

What is the Schengen Area?

The zone comprises 29 European countries (25 from the EU plus Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and Switzerland), that have abolished internal border controls. Bulgaria and Romania, which joined on March 31 2024, have opened air and maritime borders, but land border controls remain in place for the time being. Cyprus is expected to join Schengen in due course. In the meantime, UK citizens will still need to apply for an ETIAS pass to visit.

British citizens will not need an ETIAS pass to travel to the Republic of Ireland, because it is part of the Common Travel Area with the United Kingdom.

How will it work?

The e-gates will register the person’s name, travel document, biometric data (fingerprints and facial images) and the date and place of entry and exit. You will have to register your photos and fingerprints, which will be stored in the form of biometric data.

Do we anticipate any problems?

Unfortunately, the biggest issues are likely to be for British travellers – especially during the first weeks of operation when virtually all visitors will be using the new gates for the first time and the system will have to log our data from scratch. That is bound to cause hold ups. 

Added to that is the additional time needed at particular pinch points. Eurotunnel is on record as estimating that the average time of processing a car at Folkestone will rise from less than a minute to up to seven minutes. This is partly because passports can’t be checked through an open window – passengers will have to get out and use the gates. The scenario for disembarking coach passengers will be even more tedious. 

Why is it being brought in?

To improve and automate border security.

What is the ETIAS exactly and when will that come in?

When it is introduced in 2025 – probably about six months after the EES system – the ETIAS will be the EU’s way of automatically checking the credentials of visitors who don’t require a visa and who want to enter the Schengen Area. It will be used for tourism and business travellers and for stays up to the 90-day limit. It is comparable with the Electronic System for Travel Authorization arrangements for tourists entering the US. 

How do I apply for an ETIAS pass and how much is it?

When it comes into force in 2025, you will have to make the application online, although the official website and an alternative app are not yet ready. 

There is a one-off €7 fee and you will be issued with a pass which lasts for three years, or until the expiry of your passport, whichever comes first. Your ETIAS pass will have to be shown to your airline, train or ferry company before you travel. The EU says that attempting to cross the border without an ETIAS “could have serious consequences, including denial of entry to the Schengen member country.”

What information will you need to provide for an ETIAS pass?

For the online ETIAS application, you will need a valid passport from a qualifying country and an email address. You will also have to complete some personal information including your full name, date of birth and country of residency. And, at the end of the process, there will be some security questions (see below). You will then have to pay the €7 application fee with a debit or credit card. The EU says that most applications “will be processed within minutes”.

What will happen to the information that you give the EU?

All applications are automatically checked against a series of security databases, including Europol, Interpol and a special watchlist which includes certain individuals on the UN list of war criminals, and people who have committed or are likely to commit terrorist or major criminal offences.

What are the ETIAS security questions?

Applicants will be asked to declare if they have a criminal record, which includes criminal damage, terrorism, violence, drug or people trafficking or sexual assault within the past 10 years (20 years for terrorism). 

Can you get an ETIAS if you have a criminal record?

The EU says that yes, you will “in most cases, providing information about a criminal record won’t contravene the requirements of an ETIAS visa waiver. However, some serious offences could lead to a refusal.” 

If refused, a traveller cannot apply for a visa to travel to Europe for a short stay. They can, however, appeal the decision or apply for a travel authorisation with limited territorial validity.

Where can I find out more?

For updates and more detailed information see the EU’s ETIAS website: europa.eu/etias . 

This article is kept updated with the latest information.

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