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Troubleshooting a Tripped Circuit Breaker

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Alora Bopray

Staff Writer

Alora Bopray is a digital content producer for the home warranty, HVAC, and plumbing categories at Today's Homeowner. She earned her bachelor's degree in psychology from the University of St. Scholastica and her master's degree from the University of Denver. Before becoming a writer for Today's Homeowner, Alora wrote as a freelance writer for dozens of home improvement clients and informed homeowners about the solar industry as a writer for EcoWatch. When she's not writing, Alora can be found planning her next DIY home improvement project or plotting her next novel.

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Reviewed By

Roxanne Downer

Roxanne Downer is a commerce editor at Today’s Homeowner, where she tackles everything from foundation repair to solar panel installation. She brings more than 15 years of writing and editing experience to bear in her meticulous approach to ensuring accurate, up-to-date, and engaging content. She’s previously edited for outlets including MSN, Architectural Digest, and Better Homes & Gardens. An alumna of the University of Pennsylvania, Roxanne is now an Oklahoma homeowner, DIY enthusiast, and the proud parent of a playful pug.

November 9, 2023

If your air conditioner or heat pump unit is the culprit that caused a tripped circuit breaker in your house or office, there are a few possibilities why this happen.

The earth leakage circuit breaker(ELCB) that trips the entire power supply to the house when a lightning strike can easily be restored by switching the lever back to the ON position.

In the case of faulty air conditioner equipment, the ELCB may trip due to earth leakage. In this case, you will need to isolate the cause of the fault or repair the equipment before the power supply can be restored to the entire house.

If the miniature circuit breaker(MCB) trips, the fault could be due to an overcurrent or short circuit. Rectify the problem and power on the MCB.

earth trip switch

These circuit breakers are protection devices that protect the electrical circuitry from further damage without which fire hazard and electrical shocks may occurred.

Tripped Circuit Breaker Due To Earth Leakage

Here are some of the possible causes of earth leakage that cause the earth leakage circuit breaker to trip.

The motor wires in the compressor touch the metal enclosure of the compressor. The wires of the motor may come off due to excessive vibration or fault in design.

Once these wires that are connected to the hot circuits touch the metal enclosure which is grounded, current will flow to the ground causing the ELCB to trip.

Disconnect the power and all the circuits to the terminal of the compressor. Use a multimeter and set the scale to measure resistance. Check the resistance between each of the terminals to the enclosure.

If the reading is close to zero, that means that the exposed wire closest to that terminal has touched the metal frame. Repair the fault or replace the compressor before the equipment can be operated again.

Similarly, if the fault is due to the compressor fan motor or indoor blower motor, disconnect the power and isolate the circuits to the motor. Check the resistance of each terminal to the casing(if metal). If it is close to zero, that means that the exposed wire is touching the casing causing it to trip. Remove the motor for repair or replace with a new motor before the equipment can be operational again.

In circuits that have live, neutral and earth wires bundled together, there is a possibility that the insulator of the wires breaks down (due to overheating, faults, under specs or inferior wires) causing the live or neutral conductor to touch the earth conductor. This will cause the circuit breaker to trip too. Troubleshooting this problem is more complicated as it involves not just a particular component but the electrical circuits.

Tripped Circuit Breaker Due To Overcurrent

Sometimes, the miniature circuit breaker tripped after operating the air conditioner for some time due to over-current. This problem will take more time to troubleshoot as the problem does not happen immediately. Here are the possible causes.

Disconnect the mains power before checking the connecting power from the mains to the equipment. For example, if there are 3 terminals that connect the power to the compressor, open up the housing and check the connection.

Look out for darkend or black spots on the terminal indicating that overcurrent had occurred. A loose connection will cause arching hence drawing excessive supply and damaging the wires and the parts that are connected to it.

Tightened the connection after removing and reconnecting the wire that has been damaged due to overheating.

A qualify technician will usually be able to troubleshoot this problem by using a tong clamp ammeter to measure the current of that particular conductor.

If the compressor has a mechanical part that malfunction causing it to lock, the current to operate it will be a few times more than the normal operation. When this happen continuously, the possibility of over-current to happen will occurred causing the circuit breaker to eventually tripped after a certain period of operation.

If the compressor or fan motor uses a 3-phase induction motor, a loss of one phase will cause overheating to occur when operating at full load. If the thermal overload protection does not trip, the circuit breaker will trip if the current exceeds its specification. A good design will usually has a phase loss protector built into the circuit to prevent the motor from running in the first place.

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  • Electrics UK

Earth Leakage Trip Switch tripping

  • Thread starter louiscribber
  • Start date 17 Feb 2011


United Kingdom

  • 17 Feb 2011

Apartment is 8 years old Up until 2 days ago, no problem with electrics. I have a problem now. When I turn on the water, it turns on a pump, to pressurize the water. This causes the "Earth Leakage Trip Switch" to trip. The pump does not turn off, and stays on until the tap is turned off. Whatever circuit the pump is on is not affected by the tripping earth leakage trip switch. When the tap is off, I reset the earth leakage trip switch.....and everything works again. I wonder what might be causing the problem ? Any educated guesses ?  



Is your Consumer unit a split board? Half MCBs protected by RCD and half not?  

View media item 31317 View media item 31318 Thanks Its the blue earth protection trip switch which is tripping. What does "cross connection between the pump circuit and the one with the rcd" mean ? What would cause a cross connection ? It worked for 8 years, and now its suddenly it trips the blue switch... Could water explain the cross connection ?  


louiscribber said: It worked for 8 years, and now its suddenly it trips the blue switch... Click to expand...

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What is Earthing Switch: A Complete Guide

Home » What is Earthing Switch: A Complete Guide

Every electrical power distribution system must have protective devices that safeguard appliances and equipment from unfortunate occurrences. Among these protective devices are earth switches, which are connected to components of switchgear  for keeping electrical equipment safe and preventing further harm, such as fire outbreak or injury to users.

An earth switch is a mechanical switching device for protecting parts of a circuit. It is capable of sustaining currents for a specific time under abnormal conditions such as short circuits. During normal circuit conditions, it doesn’t carry any current. It’s only called into action when there is an abnormal condition. An earth switch is a must-have in every electrical installation as it protects the technicians and switchgear during abnormal current conditions.

In this post, we will further explain what an earthing switch is, and we will discuss everything you need to know about the protective device.

What is an Earthing Switch

Earth switch

An earthing switch is also known as a grounding switch. Earthing switch and grounding switch are used interchangeably. It’s a protective device that’s included in switchgear components like circuit breakers and isolators. When circuit breakers are removed and racked out, earthing switches automatically ground the part of the bus bar adjacent to the circuit breakers. For isolators, the earthing switches make contact with the bus bar when the isolator isolates the circuits, discharging any charges that may have gathered there.

An earth switch in switchgear is used to ground the remaining change in a power line after the power line has been removed from its source. A residual charge always remains in the circuit after it has been severed or opened by the circuit breaker and isolator. An earthing switch is usually used to discharge the charge.

Earthing switches have a snap action closing mechanism. They protect technicians and staff when there is an abnormal current. They are designed to withstand short circuits; they can also be motorized. Examples are the high voltage earthing switch and the high speed grounding switch . An earth switch in a substation has the ability to create short circuits in order to safeguard other electrical devices from damage. It’s used with several high-voltage switchgear and it also serve as a protective device in the overhaul of high-voltage electrical equipment.

Earthing switches, circuit breakers, and isolators are all connected in the Ring Main Unit (RMU) substation . If there is a need for the circuit to be opened or broken for maintenance or any other reason, the right sequence for the operation of these three devices (earthing switches, circuit breakers, and isolators) must be followed. If the right steps are not followed, you won’t just be causing damage to your circuit and equipment, but you will also be putting yourself in danger. To perfectly house these components, you can contact Elecspare, one of the gis switchgear manufacturers for a reliable insulating medium for your devices.

Earthing switches and isolating switches are often combined into a single device. In this case, in addition to the main contact, the isolating switch also has an earthing switch for grounding one end of the isolating switch after opening. The main contacts and the earthing switch are usually mechanically interlocked in such a way that the earthing switch cannot be closed when the isolating switch is closed, and the main contacts cannot be closed when the earthing switch is closed.

The grounding switch can be divided into two types: open type and closed type. The conduction system of the former is exposed to the grounding switch similar to the disconnector in the atmosphere, and the conduction system of the latter is enclosed in the charging SF. or insulating medium, such as oil.

Earth switch in switchgear closes short-circuit current and has certain short-circuit making ability and dynamic and thermal stability. It doesn’t have an arc quenching device as it does not need to break the load current and short-circuit current. The lower end of the blade is usually connected to the grounding point through a current transformer. Current transformers can give signals for relay protection.

Earthing switches have several structures. We have the single-pole, the double-pole, and the three-pole earthing switches. The single-pole is only used when you’re dealing with the neutral point grounding system. The double-pole and three-pole structures are used for the neutral point ungrounded system, and share an operating mechanism for operation.

Earthing Switch in Low-voltage Systems

The fundamental purpose for the design of grounding switches in low-voltage systems, which deliver electric power to the broadest class of end-users, is the safety of customers who use electric products and their protection against electric shocks.

The grounding system, in conjunction with other switchgear protection components like load break switch and residual current devices, ensures that a person does not touch a metallic object whose potential relative to the person’s potential exceeds a safe threshold, which is normally set at 50 volts.

From the safety point of view, an earthing switch is also necessary for low-voltage electricity networks with a phase to neutral voltage exceeding 240 to 690 volts, which is typically utilized in industries, mining equipment, and machinery rather than publicly accessible networks.

Earthing Switch in High-voltage Systems


The focus of an earth switch in substation, which is significantly less accessible to the general public, does not prioritize safety as it does in the low-voltage system. Rather, it focuses more on supply dependability, protection reliability, and impact on equipment in the event of a short circuit. Because the current channel is mostly blocked through the earth, only the amplitude of phase-to-ground short circuits, which are the most prevalent, is considerably affected by the choice of earthing system.

What is Earthing Switch Used for

  • Earthing switch is used to provide a ground line to an underground or delta-connected system.
  • Earthing switch allows the connection of phase-to-phase loads.
  • The earthing switch in substation is grounded to give a low-impedance link to the ground, which keeps the system neutral.
  • The earthing switch in switchgear ensures that the magnitude of transient overvoltage is limited during a re-striking ground fault.
  • When there are line-to-ground problems, a ground fault current source is provided by an earthing switch.
  • It is used to ground electrical devices to meet the protection requirement.

What is the Function of Earthing Switch

  • An earth switch in switchgear primary’s function is to protect technicians and switchgear from an inadvertent operation. It can be reliably closed against short-circuit currents.
  • It is connected to circuit breakers, and when they are cleared and racked out, the bus bar that is adjacent to the circuit breakers is grounded through earthing switches automatically. This process protects technicians, maintenance personnel, and users from any unfortunate accidental voltages.
  • It is used for static electricity and electromagnetic induction current. In two or more overhead transmission lines with the same tower or adjacent parallel arrangement, when one or several lines are out of power, due to the electromagnetic induction and electrostatic induction between it and the adjacent live lines, the outage circuit will generate induced voltage and induced current. Hence, the grounding switches for this type of line.
  • It’s used to close short-circuit current. An earthing switch with a rated short-circuit making current shall be able to close at any applied voltage including its rated voltage and any current including its rated short-circuit making current. The earthing switch has a rated short-circuit making the current equal to the rated peak withstand current.
  • An earthing switch in a substation performs cogent functions in a big or heavy-duty power transformer as it allows the electrical grid to have a consistent point of reference for voltage. Otherwise, voltages may vary from one place to another. It guarantees safety for both the transformer and people to use power.

Types of Earthing Switch

1. indoor high voltage grounding switch.


It is suitable for indoor 3-12kV three-phase AC 50(60) Hz power systems to be used in conjunction with various types of high-voltage switch cabinets. It can also be used as grounding for high-voltage electrical equipment maintenance. The main structure, the grounding switch, is composed of a bracket, a grounding knife assembly, a static contact, a sensor, a shaft, an arm, a compression spring, a conductive sleeve, and a soft connection.

When the operating mechanism is operated to close the grounding switch, it acts as a torque to make the main shaft overcome the resistance torque. Drive the crank arm to rotate in the closing direction, and make the operating lever on the grounding knife pass through the dead point of the compression spring, and the compression spring releases energy. Make the earthing switch close quickly in the closed position. The grounding knife on the grounding knife assembly is in a firm and reliable contact with the flange portion (knife edge) of the static contact through the disc spring.

When the torque is applied, the main shaft overcomes the main torque and the spring force drives the arm to rotate in the direction of opening, and makes the grounding knife pressure spring pass through.

2. Indoor high voltage electric grounding switch


An indoor high voltage electric grounding switch consists of a motor, a driving device, an electric air control device, as well as the main shaft of the grounding switch.

3. FES Fast Earthing Switch


According to the different requirements of the installation location, the earthing switch is divided into two types: the earthing switch for maintenance (ES) and the earthing switch for fault fast closing earthing switch(FES).

The FES fast earthing switch (FES) has the ability to close short-circuit current, and open and close induced current, so it is an important protection device during maintenance. It’s also operated by an electric spring mechanism. The fault earthing switch is suitable for the grounding switch on the outside of the line. The mechanism operation is generally installed on the line side of the line outlet disconnector, and is electrically interlocked with the related disconnectors and circuit breakers.

While the earthing switch  is used to ground or disconnect. When the equipment is overhauled, an obvious grounding point should be formed on all sides where incoming electricity may be generated. It mainly includes busbar grounding switches, ground switches for outgoing and incoming lines (installed on the busbar side and outgoing side of the main transformer circuit breaker, and on the busbar side of the circuit breaker).

What is Earthing Switch Symbol


The earthing switch is mainly composed of a bracket, a grounding knife assembly, a static contact, a sensor, a shaft, an arm, a compression spring, a conductive sleeve, and a soft connection.

When the earthing switch is closed by manual operation, the acting torque causes the main shaft to overcome the torque, drive the arm to rotate in the direction of closing, and make the grounding knife pass through the coil spring and the flange to the static contact. The parts (knife edge) are firmly in contact with each other.

When the manual opening is operated, the acting force makes the main shaft overcome the torque and spring force, drives the arm to rotate in the direction of splitting, and makes the grounding knife pressure spring pass through the dead point, and the egg-pressing energy storage ends for the next closing.

What is a High Speed Grounding Switch (HSGS)


The high speed grounding switch is also known as the high speed earthing switch. Also, sometimes it is called a fast earthing switch. It is a fast isolating switch with the ability to close short-circuit current and is specially used for artificial grounding of the power system. It is generally equipped with a hydraulic or electric quick-acting mechanism.

In a power system with multiple parallel main transformer branches, in order to save investment, the high-voltage circuit breaker of the main transformer branch is usually replaced by a fast grounding switch. When the main transformer body fails, the main transformer protection starts the fast grounding switch on the high-voltage side for closing operation. This causes the power system to be grounded manually, and starts the relay protection device of the power system, causing the circuit breaker on the opposite side of the transmission line to open, and cutting off the fault of the main transformer.

The quick earthing switch is usually also installed in gas-insulated metal-enclosed electrical appliances and is installed on the outer part of each outlet line to close the induced current generated by the parallel circuit.

The fast grounding switch has the ability to close short-circuit current, usually 80 kA in 110kV power systems and 125kA in 220kV systems. The quick grounding switch in gas-insulated metal-enclosed electrical appliances is sealed in an SF6 gas-insulated cylinder, and the requirement for closing short-circuit currents are relatively easy to achieve. The open-type high speed grounding switch is often replaced by a vacuum circuit breaker when the short-circuit current required to be closed is large.

Design of High Speed Grounding Switch


The High Speed Grounding Switch (HSGS) is installed at the outlet end of the Gas Insulated Switchgear (GIS), and it is operated by a spring mechanism. It performs a secondary role of  safeguarding the power system when an accident happens. HSGS may be accidentally energized and closed during operation or maintenance, resulting in artificial ground faults. In order to prevent the accident from expanding, ensure that the HSGS has the specified short-circuit making capacity.

When the ground fault is closed, the short-circuit current flows from 2 to 1, the three-phase moving contacts are kept insulated between phases through the insulating plate 3, and the fault current is introduced to the ground through 4. Make sure that the HSGS that has been in the grounding closed state also has the ability to withstand short-term current.

When the HSGS fails to close, go through these two processes to remedy the close failure:

  • Firstly, the insertion force on the HSGS moving contact of the operating mechanism should be greater than the contact spring reaction force of the static contact and the electric repulsion of the contact when it is just in contact. This ascertains that the moving contact can be inserted into the static contact.
  • Secondly, after insertion, the kinetic energy of the HSGS moving contact system should be sufficient to overcome the resistance work done by the contact friction force of the contact spring and the electric friction force during the overtravel, so as to ensure that the moving contacts are closed in place.

Difference between Earthing Switch and High Speed Grounding Switch

The earthing switch is arranged next to the disconnector on both sides of the circuit breaker, and only plays the role of grounding on both sides of the circuit breaker during maintenance. The high speed grounding switch, on the other hand, is arranged on the line side of the outgoing disconnector of the outgoing circuit, which has two functions:

  • Opening and closing parallel overhead lines generate inductive current due to capacitive current and electromagnetic induction generated by electrostatic induction.
  • The fast grounding switch will quickly ground the main circuit, and use the circuit breaker to cut off the fault current when the insulator inside the casing has a creepage phenomenon or an arc inside the casing.

The function of the fast earthing switch should be on the outside of the line switch. When a single-phase fault occurs in the line, the switches on both sides of the faulty line are disconnected. However, due to the electromagnetic coupling between the normal phase and the fault-receiving phase, the normal phase provides the potential for the faulty phase. Supply current does not use the fault point to dissociate, the arc extinguishing time will be extended, or even the arc will not be extinguished.

In order to reduce the submerged supply current, when the switches on both sides are disconnected, the automatic device action immediately closes the fast grounding switches on both sides. A set arc extinguishing time, then disconnecting the fast grounding switch, and then single-phase reclosing, can improve the success rate of closing.

Relationship between Circuit Breaker and High Speed Grounding Switch

The relationship between circuit breaker and fast earthing switch (HSGS) can be viewed from two aspects. Firstly, it can be viewed from the aspect of switch tripping, and secondly, it can be viewed from the aspect of reclosing.


1. In terms of switch tripping, it is actually simple. When a single-phase fault occurs in the line, the switches on both sides of the faulty line are disconnected. However, due to the electromagnetic coupling between the normal phase and the faulty phase, a submerged supply current occurs, which is not conducive to arc extinguishing.

In order to reduce the submerged supply current, when the switches on both sides are disconnected, the automatic device action immediately closes the HSGS on both sides to achieve the effect of rapid arc extinguishing.

2. The biggest use of HSGS is to connect with the switch to realize reclosing. These are the steps to follow to do this:

  • A single-phase-to-ground short-circuit fault occurs, resulting in an arc.
  • The switches at both ends of the faulted phase trip (primary arc) are extinguished, and the submerged arc (secondary arc) is generated.
  • The HSGS installed in the faulty phase is grounded, and the submerged arc is extinguished.
  • The HSGS is disconnected.
  • The reclosing action switch is reclosed.

Earthing switches, also called grounding switches, are protective devices that ensure that technicians and switchgear are safe from inadvertent operations. They are used together with switchgear components like isolators and circuit breakers to make sure that no accident happens as a result of abnormal current in the electrical system.

In this post, we’ve discussed everything you need to know about an earthing switch in switchgear starting from what it means, what it is used for, its functions, types, symbols, and so much more.

For further inquiries, contact Elecspare, a professional switchgear manufacturer who makes reliable protective electrical components, including earthing switches that ensure the safety of technicians, users, and switchgear from accidents.


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smart wifi switch 63A energy monitor earth leakage voltage

Smart Switch Voltage & Energy Monitor | Earth Leakage | 63A, 230VAC | WiFi Tuya Smart Life

  • Home Automation has never been this Smart, Simple or Affordable with the Tuya SmartLife solution for your Home, Office or Factory.
  • Complete control over a wide devices & appliances from ANYWHERE via your mobile phone or simply your voice.
  • Works with Amazon Alexa, Google home and supports IFTTT on the Fastest and most Stable Platform available.
  • Configure and Schedule activation dates, days of the week, start times, duration, geo-fence to name but a few.
  • Over Voltage | Under Voltage | Over Current Limit | Earth Leakage – adjustable values trip feature
  • Smart Switch Isolator 63A, 230VAC | Energy Monitor or Power Consumption | WiFi Tuya Smart Life

R 990.00 R 680.00 incl.

  • Description

Additional information

  • Reviews (9)

Smart WiFi Intelligent Switch can be used in any application up to 63A (14.5kW) and also accurately measure the power consumption. Can be used to make any home, office or factory ‘Smart’ while monitoring the amount energy used. Control (ON/OFF) any high current device remotely via your phone from any location (free Tuya app). Allows for ‘smart switching’ and includes a safety trip switch for over and under voltage and earth leakage.

Simply, ‘*Wire, Configure and Play’.

  • Single Phase 230VAC 50/60Hz up to 63A or 13.8Kw.
  • IMPORTANT NOTE: DO NOT replace your existing Earth Leakage breaker as this unit only switches the Live ON and OFF (not an isolator). Setting this smart unit to a lower value (than your fixed value existing unit) can often result in only the smart unit tripping first.
  • Typically installed after your DB’s Main Isolator and Earth Leakage breakers (to measure total home consumption). Adjust to measure specific items only such as a geyser or pump etc.
  • Can be used as smart 1st trip when set a lower value then your existing Earth leakage which is typically 30ma (0.03A). Unit has a 30sec monitor timer after each trip. If the over voltage, under voltage, over current or earth leakage is still present the unit will not reset.
  • This Switch supports DIN rail Mounting. For Samite Breaker connections you will need an adaptor [click here]
  • This Switch supports Energy or Consumption Monitoring (1200imp/kwh)
  • Requires an adequate WiFi signal to operate.
  • Via easy Smart Functions this switch can be linked to smoke or any other detectors to disconnect the mains feed etc.
  • *qualified Electrician is required.

Home Automation made Smart, Simple and Affordable via the Tuya, SmartLife App (Android or IOS),  offering the fastest, most stable platform and widest range of Smart Products. Supports Alexa, Google Home and IFTTT.

Great way to make any appliance or device, ‘Smart’.

Download the User Manual [click here]     | 

Product Features

  • Remote control at anytime from anywhere
  • Schedule/Timer/loop timer
  • Energy consumption monitoring & reporting / real time electricity usage and power
  • Electric leakage protection:10-99mA (feature can be disabled). Trips the L only. Apply 20mA to circuits that may trip on on your DB @ 30mA. Useful to ensure a trip does not require a manual reset. Timer counts 30 seconds after each trip and will only reset once the leak is cleared.
  • Preset current/voltage threshold values by app, once the real-time/current/voltage reaches the threshold values, the connected electrical appliances will be automatically turned off
  • Smart (mobile Phone) & LCD display, real-time display voltage, current, power, total energy kWh
  • Under voltage protection 150V-190V (adjustable) (default: 170VAC)
  • Over voltage protection 250V-300V (adjustable) (default: 27VAC)
  • Over current protection 1A-63A (adjustable) (default: 63A)
  • Activation dates, days of the week, start time and duration can all be pre-configured via the Smartlife application giving you complete remote control and ON/Off overwrite.
  • Supports Voice Commands and also AI units such as Amazon Alexa Echo and Google Home solution.
  • All your Smart Devices connected via a Single stable Platform been the Smart Life app from Tuya.
  • The entire SmartLife system performance replies on an ‘adequate WIFI’ (2.4GHz only) signal.

Typical Uses (but not limited too)

  • Manage the Power Consumption of your home of of specific devices in an office or  factory.
  • Verify your Pre-Paid electricity consumption
  • Smart Switching of any home or a specific section of factory / office
  • Large pumps and or any machinery
  • Can be wired to any existing DB or Distribution Board (occupies 3 slots)


  • Name: Wifi Intelligent Energy Meter
  • Rated current: 63A Max (adjustable)
  • Reference voltage: 90-250V (over and under voltage protection – will trip L)
  • Frequency: 50/60Hz
  • Electric leakage protection:10-99mA.
  • Pulse frequency: 1200imp/kwh
  • Installation: 35mm Din Rail – Occupies 2 standard breaker slots (adaptor for Samite mounting is available from us)
  • Power rate: 1W/6VA
  • Item size: 85 x 37 x 65 (L x W x D in mm)
  • Item weight: 185g / 6.53ounce
  • Package size: 100 * 75 * 45mm / 3.94 * 2.95 * 1.77in
  • Package weight: 167g / 5.89ounce 

What’s in the Box?

1x Smart Switch Energy Meter

1x Instruction Manual

Why should I choose Tuya above all the other Smart Home Automation Platforms? [click here]

How do I get started? [click here]

What devices can presently be Smart Automated? [click here]

Facebook [click here] | Twitter [click here] | Instagram [click here] | Youtube [click here]

Home Automation made Smart, Simple and Affordable via the Tuya, SmartLife App (Android or IOS),  offering the fastest, most stable platform and widest range of Smart Products . Supports Alexa Echo Dot, Google Home and IFTTT and more….

tags:  sonoff, tuya industries, smart life app, smartlife, control 4, home automation, broadlink, zigbee, smart home products

Tuya smartlife, 9 reviews for smart switch voltage & energy monitor | earth leakage | 63a, 230vac | wifi tuya smart life.

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CLive Murray (verified owner) – August 16, 2023

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Mike Sprake-Jones (verified owner) – July 3, 2023

Awesome service

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Herman Ras (verified owner) – May 9, 2023

Product does what it says on the box.. working 100% was a pleasure to setup and the app and booklet was spot on !

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Top 3 causes behind a circuit breaker trip | MCB Trip

Circuit breakers are employed to automatically switch off a circuit or a load whenever any abnormalities in current flow are detected. This functionality of the circuit breakers is known as ‘Trip’. By doing so, circuit breakers are preventing fire or other damages caused to the circuit. Here are the major reasons behind your circuit breaker trip. In this article, we discuss domestic circuit breakers such as MCB, MCCB, and residual current devices (RCD, RCCB, RCBO).

Why did your circuit breaker trip?

Circuit breakers have replaced the traditional fuses due to their re-usability. At least one of the following situations can trip your circuit breaker.

  • Short circuit
  • Ground fault or Earth fault

This is one of the prominent reasons behind a circuit breaker trip. An overload is a situation in which a device or a circuit draws more current than the value it can safely handle. One such example of an overload is plugging in many appliances to a single power socket such that the loads all together draw more current than the socket can deliver.

earth trip switch

In the above case, if the load current is higher than the rated current of the MCB (Miniature circuit breaker) for a certain period of time, the MCB trips.


Short circuits are more dangerous than overloads. These are the situations in which a live conductor comes in direct contact with the neutral conductor (Direct contact of positive and negative in case of DC) resulting in a current flow several times the normal value.

Short circuit

This could be the result of wrong wiring or damages inside the appliance plugged. During short circuits, the circuit breakers or MCB trips instantaneously.

Learn the key differences between a Short circuit and an overload here.

Ground Fault or Earth Fault

A ground fault or an earth fault is a situation when a live conductor comes in direct contact with the ground or the earth conductor. This can cause a circuit breaker trip if the fault current is considerably high. Residual current devices (Ground fault circuit interrupters, RCD, RCBO & RCCB) can offer better protection against earth faults.

Electric shock

The cause of a ground fault needs to be analyzed properly and rectified. Otherwise, it may result in electrocution and can be fatal.

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How Do Circuit Breakers Work? Common Reasons for Tripped Circuits

Troubleshooting and Tips to Prevent Electrical Problems

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The electrical system in every home features a design of circuits controlled and protected either by circuit breakers or fuses. Most of today's homes now use circuit breakers to offer this control and protection to individual circuits, but older homes that have not upgraded their electrical systems may use fuses. The circuit breakers or fuses are typically found in a central main service panel or fuse box. Locate your main service panel and note if your home uses circuit breakers or fuses. Circuit breakers look like switches, while fuses are round and screw into sockets.

The Spruce / Ana Cadena 

Circuit breakers and fuses are safety measures that protect homes and people from fires, electrical shock, and appliance and property damage.

Read on for more information on the different types of circuit breakers, what happens when a breaker trips, and the most common causes of electrical problems.

What Is a Circuit Breaker?

Circuit breakers are automatically operated electrical switches with on and off buttons. They're designed to protect an electrical circuit from damage due to excess electrical currents. They trip when they detect changes in electrical current flow, breaking the circuit connection when there is an irregularity.

Types of Circuits

  • Standard: Simple breakers come in two types: single-pole (most common) and double-pole. Both stop the current from overloading and short circuits, preventing wires from overheating. A single-pole breaker protects one wire (120 volts, 15-20 amps). A double-pole breaker protects two wires (120 to 240 volts, 15-200 amps).
  • GFCI (Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter): These circuit breakers protect the entire circuit, including all the wiring and devices. This breaker panel offers complete protection against ground faults. These are essential to use in places with water and dampness, like kitchens, bathrooms, laundry rooms, outdoor spaces, and basements.
  • AFCI (Arc Fault Circuit Interrupter): Arc fault breakers sense an abnormal path or electric jump in the current from one circuit to another (parallel arc); this breaker stops power before a spark can turn into a fire. These breakers are best for homes or electrical systems with old, fraying wiring.
  • CAFCI (Combination Arc Fault Circuit Interrupter): An arc fault breaker also protects against a parallel arc with the bonus of defending against a series arc. A series arc is a jump in the current along the same circuit—for example, one part of the wire to another.

What Happens When a Circuit Trips

When all the lights and fixtures in only a portion of the house go dark or dead simultaneously, it's because one of those circuit breakers has "tripped" or one of those fuses has blown. These devices automatically shut off power to the circuit when problems occur.

In the case of circuit breakers, the immediate answer is to find the breaker that has tripped and reset the lever to the ON position . When a fuse blows, a metal filament inside the fuse has burned through, meaning you'll need to replace the fuse with a new one .  

To avoid the problem from happening again, you should aim to understand why the breaker has tripped, or the fuse has blown. In rare cases, the breaker may be damaged and need to be replaced by a professional. But in most cases, the breaker or fuse is just doing its job when it pops. Circuit breakers are designed to trip, and fuses are designed to blow and turn off the power when four dangerous situations occur: an overloaded circuit, short circuit, ground fault, or arc fault.

Overloaded Circuit

An overloaded electrical circuit is the most common reason for a circuit breaker tripping. It occurs when a circuit attempts to draw a greater electrical load than it is intended to carry. When too many appliances or light fixtures are operating simultaneously, the internal sensing mechanism in the circuit breaker heats up, and the breaker "trips," usually by means of a spring-loaded component within the breaker.

Tripping breaks the continuous pathway of the breaker and renders the circuit inactive. The circuit remains dead until the breaker lever is reset to the ON position, which also re-arms the internal spring mechanism. 

The circuit breaker or fuse is sized to match the load-carrying capacity of the wires in that circuit. Hence, the breaker or fuse is intended to trip or blow before the circuit wires can heat to a dangerous level.

When a circuit breaker regularly trips or a fuse repeatedly blows, it is a sign that you are making excessive demands on the circuit and need to move some appliances and devices to other circuits. Or, it may indicate that your house has too few circuits and is in need of a service upgrade. Usually, when a circuit is overloaded, the breaker takes 10 seconds or so to trip due to a time delay feature internal to the breaker.

Short Circuit

A short circuit is a more serious reason for a breaker tripping. A "hard short" is caused when the hot wire (black) touches a neutral wire (white), the bare ground or bond wire, or the case of a metal box.

In terms of the physics involved, a short circuit allows for a sudden unimpeded flow of electricity due to lowered resistance. This sudden increase in current flow within the breaker causes the tripping mechanism to activate.

But sometimes, a short circuit occurs not because of the circuit wiring but because of a wiring problem in an appliance or device plugged into an outlet along the circuit. Short circuits are sometimes tricky to diagnose and fix and may require the help of a professional electrician.

When a circuit breaker trips again instantly after you reset it, you might have a short circuit. 

Ground Fault

A particular type of short circuit, a " ground-fault ," occurs if a hot wire comes in contact with a ground wire or a metal wall box or touches metal framing members. Ground faults can be especially dangerous in areas with high moisture levels, such as kitchens or bathrooms or in outdoor locations. A ground fault can cause electrical shock.

There are steps you can take to identify and fix a ground fault, but also essential steps you should take to prevent one from occurring in the first place. For example, in areas where direct contact with the ground or water is possible, NEC regulations may require that outlets be protected with GFCIs (ground-fault circuit interrupters).

As with hard shorts, a ground fault causes an instant reduction in resistance and an immediate increase in electrical flow. This causes the internal mechanism of the circuit breaker to heat up and trip. As with hard shorts, if a ground fault is present, the circuit breaker may trip again immediately after you reset it.

In recent years, the National Electrical Code, the model code on which most local electrical codes are based, has gradually increased requirements for a special circuit breaker, known as an arc-fault circuit interrupter (AFCI).

AFCI breakers, in addition to tripping due to overloads, short circuits, and ground faults, also sense the power fluctuations that occur when sparking ("arcing") occurs between contact points in a wire connection. Arcing can happen when there are loose screw terminal connections in a switch or outlet.

These breakers sense early wiring problems before they can lead to short circuits or ground faults. Neither ordinary circuit breakers nor fuses offer any protection against arc faults. Arc fault protection is an important safeguard against fires caused by arcing. 

AFCI breakers are reset in the same manner as ordinary breakers. Repeated tripping usually indicates loose wire connections along the circuit, causing repeated arcing. 

Safety Tips for Working With Circuit Breakers

Shock prevention is essential when working with circuits and electricity. If you are not a professional electrician, follow the same safety rules that the professionals do:

  • Before working on any electrical projects, always shut off the main breaker in the circuit breaker box.
  • Check load requirements on your wiring and breaker panel and ensure it's sufficient before installing anything new.
  • Match amp requirements; never replace a circuit breaker with a higher-amp one.
  • Do not add another breaker to your panel if you do not have an open slot.
  • Even if the main breaker is off, practice the strictest safety measure and act as if the circuit is live.
  • Never touch the feeder wires leading into the electrical panel; they are always energized.
  • Test AFCI, GFCI, and CGFCI breakers once a month.
  • Have all new electrical work inspected by a licensed electrician or inspector to ensure it's safely installed and meets code requirements.

A circuit breaker is an electrical switch that protects a circuit or line of electricity from overloading, short-circuiting, or jumping the line. It instantly stops the flow of electricity when it detects one of these problems. It also resets the flow of electricity with the flick of a switch.

A circuit breaker detects a problem in the flow of electricity, stops the electrical current, and protects the line, devices, location, or people in the location from damaged lines, potential fire, or electrocution.

Never place a different brand circuit breaker in a circuit breaker panel of a different brand. Circuit breakers are brand specific . Circuit breakers may fit, but not properly. Manufacturers recommend only replacing or adding breakers designed explicitly for that brand panel. 

Circuit breakers are standard and offer safety features such as GFCI and arc-fault reduction technology that fuses and fuse boxes do not provide.

Fuses and fuse boxes are not unsafe, but it depends on how they are used and how much power is being supplied to the electrical system. For example, some fuse boxes cannot handle the higher energy demands of newer homes and all their appliances.

A circuit trip is when the circuit's internal sensor becomes overheated, and the breaker shuts off the power to prevent further overheating. When a circuit trips, it's likely overloaded with electricity from too many appliances. 

A hard short occurs when one wire touches another, and a soft short is when an electrical current leaks from one wire to another without making contact.

To diagnose a short circuit, you'll need to unplug every lamp and appliance from the burnt fuse and examine outlets for loose connections. Because there are many reasons a circuit can short, you may need a professional electrician to determine the cause.

2020 NEC Changes . Minnesota Department of Labor and Industry.

Ground-Fault Circuit Interrupters (GFCI) . United States Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration.

More from The Spruce

  • What Is a Short Circuit, and What Causes One?
  • Understanding Fuses and Fuse Boxes
  • What Happens When a Fuse Blows
  • GFCI Receptacle vs. GFCI Circuit Breaker
  • How to Wire a GFCI Outlet: Step-By-Step
  • Definition of Overcurrent in an Electrical Circuit
  • How to Reset a Tripped Breaker
  • Guide to a Single-Pole Circuit Breaker
  • Ground Fault vs Short Circuit: What's the Difference?
  • How Much Does an Electrician Cost?
  • Understanding Arc Faults and AFCI Protection
  • The Uses and Limitations of Tandem Circuit Breakers
  • Garbage Disposal Not Working: 6 Problems & Solutions
  • All About Electrical Wiring Types, Sizes & Installation
  • Inside Your Main Electrical Service Panel
  • How to Fix an Electrical Outlet by Yourself

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Definition of 'trip switch'

Trip switch in british english, examples of 'trip switch' in a sentence trip switch, browse alphabetically trip switch.

  • trip planner
  • trip switch
  • trip the light fantastic
  • All ENGLISH words that begin with 'T'

Related terms of trip switch

  • trip a switch

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What does trip switch mean?

Definitions for trip switch trip switch, this dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word trip switch ., wiktionary rate this definition: 5.0 / 1 vote.

trip switch noun

A device that deactivates an electrical circuit under certain conditions, often for safety reasons

Wikipedia Rate this definition: 0.0 / 0 votes

Trip Switch

Trip Switch is a song by British alternative rock band Nothing But Thieves . It was produced by Julian Emery and was released as a single from the band's self-titled album on 18 June 2015. It topped the Billboard Alternative Songs chart in 2016.

How to pronounce trip switch?

Alex US English David US English Mark US English Daniel British Libby British Mia British Karen Australian Hayley Australian Natasha Australian Veena Indian Priya Indian Neerja Indian Zira US English Oliver British Wendy British Fred US English Tessa South African

How to say trip switch in sign language?

Chaldean Numerology

The numerical value of trip switch in Chaldean Numerology is: 1

Pythagorean Numerology

The numerical value of trip switch in Pythagorean Numerology is: 1

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Nearby & related entries:

  • trip like i do
  • trip line noun
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  1. How earth leakage and trip switches work

    A trip switch is a safety mechanism for preventing electrical shocks, it's something I've used many times with out really considering how it works. After a chat with my dad and grappling with a...

  2. Earth Leakage Nuisance Tripping

    Published Aug 21, 2017 + Follow For many years, since we moved into our home, the Earth Leakage Circuit Breaker (ELCB) would trip for no apparent reason. Often, it was difficult to reset the...

  3. Earth-leakage circuit breaker

    An earth-leakage circuit breaker ( ELCB) is a safety device used in electrical installations with high Earth impedance to prevent shock. It detects small stray voltages on the metal enclosures of electrical equipment, and interrupts the circuit if a dangerous voltage is detected.

  4. Residual-current device

    Electrical switch Earthing systems v t e A residual-current device ( RCD ), residual-current circuit breaker ( RCCB) or ground fault circuit interrupter ( GFCI) [a] is an electrical safety device that quickly breaks an electrical circuit with leakage current to ground.

  5. Earth Leakage Circuit Breaker (ELCB)

    Earth Leakage Circuit Breaker (ELCB) is a device used to directly detect currents leaking to earth from an installation and cut the power and mainly used in TT earthing systems. Working Principle of Earth Leakage Circuit Breaker (ELCB) and Residual Current Device (RCD) There are two types of ELCBs:

  6. PDF Shunt trip safety switch

    Product description Eaton's exclusive line of shunt trip safety switches incorporates the tried-and-true heavy-duty safety switch with an integrated shunt trip module, providing capabilities and applications not previously possible with a standard safety switch. Arc energy reduction a Ground fault a Remote opening (distant from switch) E-stop

  7. PDF Earth leakage devices

    This device is a mechanical switch with an RCD function added to it. Its sole function is to provide protection against earth leakages. There is no over-current or short-circuit protection. Also known as a Safety Switch RCBO - Residual Current Breaker with Over-current Protection

  8. Troubleshooting a Tripped Circuit Breaker

    In circuits that have live, neutral and earth wires bundled together, there is a possibility that the insulator of the wires breaks down (due to overheating, faults, under specs or inferior wires) causing the live or neutral conductor to touch the earth conductor. This will cause the circuit breaker to trip too.

  9. Earth Leakage Trip Switch tripping

    When I turn on the water, it turns on a pump, to pressurize the water. This causes the "Earth Leakage Trip Switch" to trip. The pump does not turn off, and stays on until the tap is turned off. Whatever circuit the pump is on is not affected by the tripping earth leakage trip switch. When the tap is off, I reset the earth leakage trip switch ...

  10. Why Does My Fuse Box Keep Tripping?

    Whichever kind of fuse box you've got, you'll have a main on/off switch, which you can use to shut off all electricity flowing into your house from the mains supply. How do I know if my fuse box has tripped? If a certain room or area in your house has lost power or lighting, one of your circuit breakers has probably tripped.

  11. What is the Reason of Earth leakage devices tripping without fault

    1-A transient or continuous high-frequency voltage that is superimposed on the normal network voltage (50 Hz). 2-High-frequency harmonics 3-Low-frequency continuous leakage currents 4-Switching capacitive or inductive components 5-Common mode voltage surges

  12. How does a trip switch work? Let's learn the functionality of a trip

    How does a trip switch work? Let's learn the functionality of a trip switch SinhalaHow Earth Leakage Circuit Breaker work | Working of ELCB | Working of RCCB...

  13. A Complete Guide of What is Earthing Switch

    An earth switch in switchgear is used to ground the remaining change in a power line after the power line has been removed from its source. A residual charge always remains in the circuit after it has been severed or opened by the circuit breaker and isolator. An earthing switch is usually used to discharge the charge.

  14. Smart Switch Voltage & Energy Monitor

    Allows for 'smart switching' and includes a safety trip switch for over and under voltage and earth leakage. Simply, '*Wire, Configure and Play'. Note: Single Phase 230VAC 50/60Hz up to 63A or 13.8Kw. IMPORTANT NOTE: DO NOT replace your existing Earth Leakage breaker as this unit only switches the Live ON and OFF (not an isolator).

  15. Top 3 causes behind a circuit breaker trip

    A ground fault or an earth fault is a situation when a live conductor comes in direct contact with the ground or the earth conductor. This can cause a circuit breaker trip if the fault current is considerably high. Residual current devices (Ground fault circuit interrupters, RCD, RCBO & RCCB) can offer better protection against earth faults.

  16. Why Circuit Breakers Trip and Fuses Blow

    A double-pole breaker protects two wires (120 to 240 volts, 15-200 amps). GFCI (Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter): These circuit breakers protect the entire circuit, including all the wiring and devices. This breaker panel offers complete protection against ground faults.

  17. What is a Circuit Breaker and Why Does it Keep Tripping?| AHS

    A short circuit occurs when a hot or active electrical wire and a neutral wire touch. This meeting of the wires causes a large amount of current to flow and overload the circuit. A short circuit should always cause a breaker to trip or a fuse to blow. It might also cause sparks, popping sounds, and possibly some smoke.

  18. How to repair a refrigerator which is tripping the main switch

    Is your refrigerator tripping the main switch if so Check if it's either 1. tripping the earth leakage or 2. the single pole circuit breakers for plugs in c...

  19. TRIP SWITCH definition and meaning

    TRIP SWITCH definition: an electric switch arranged to interrupt a circuit suddenly and disconnect power from a... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples

  20. Trip Switch

    Trip Switch. " Trip Switch " is a song by British alternative rock band Nothing but Thieves. It was produced by Julian Emery and was released as a single from the band's self-titled album on 18 June 2015. [1] It topped the Billboard Alternative Songs chart in 2016. [2]

  21. What is another word for trip switch

    Synonyms for trip switch include safety device, cutout, circuit breaker, kill switch, safety switch, fuse and residual current device. Find more similar words at!

  22. Trip switch

    Define trip switch. trip switch synonyms, trip switch pronunciation, trip switch translation, English dictionary definition of trip switch. n an electric switch arranged to interrupt a circuit suddenly and disconnect power from a running machine so that the machine is stopped Collins English...

  23. What does trip switch mean?

    Definition of trip switch in the dictionary. Meaning of trip switch. What does trip switch mean? Information and translations of trip switch in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web.